NYS & Heat Illness
The following are excerpts from a National Federation of State High School Associations publication sent to our member schools by the NYSPHSAA Safety Committee:
There are no excuses for heatstroke illnesses, if proper precautions are taken.
- During hot weather athletes should be gradually acclimatized to higher temperatures.
- Water should be available in unlimited quantities at all practices and contests.
- In extremely hot & humid weather reduce the amount of clothing covering the body.
- Check athlete weight daily: generally 3% weight loss through sweating is safe, over a 3% weight loss the athlete should not be allowed to practice in hot & humid conditions.
- Observe your athletes carefully for signs of trouble.
- Know what to do in case of an emergency and have emergency plans written for your staff.
- Drink before, during and after practices and games.
- Drink early – by the time you're thirsty, you're already dehydrated.
- Dehyration usually occurs with a weight loss of 2 percent of body weight or more.
- Within 2 hours, drink enough to replace any weight loss from exercise.
- Salt should never be added to drinks, and salt tablets should be avoided.
- Cool beverages at temperatures between 50-59° Fahrenheit are recommended.
Weather Guide for activities lasting 30 minutes or more:
RH = relative humidity
Measure wet bulb temperature with a sling psychometer prior to practices and adjust the intensity and duration accordingly:
|Under 60° F
||Safe but always observe athletes
||Observe players carefully
||Shorter practice sessions and more frequent water/rest breaks
||Danger level and extreme caution